ANIMAL A-Z…


Learn more about our amazing animal collection. Click on a letter below to find an animal or use our animal search:

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Anemone, Beadlet (Actinia equina)

Anemone, Beadlet
Anemone, Beadlet

This stunningly bright anemone has a wide array of colour variation from green to red. It has up to 192 tentacles, arranged in 6 circles. When out of the water, the anemone retracts its tentacles and appears as a jelly-like blob. It is a small anemone and rarely reaches more than 6cm in diameter.


Fun Facts...

These sea anemones spend a good deal of time out of the water or even covered by sand, so they contract to conserve water.
They have three main defensive behaviours: inflation of the body column to reduce damaged areas, the sting of their tentacles and detachment off the subtrate, to escape predation. 



Location...

Found in the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.  Highest concentration are around the British Isles.  Populations also exist stretching down Africa's Atlantic coast.



Habitat...

Found in rockpools, coastal areas and even estuaries.  These tough anemones can cope with wide variations in salinity, water flow and temperature.



Diet...
Bivalve molluscs, insects and isopods.

Not Evaluated

Anemone, Bubble tip (Entacmaea quadricolor)

Anemone, Bubble tip
Anemone, Bubble tip

In the wild, this anemone is a natural home for several species of anemone fish, as predators cannot catch them through the anemone's stinging tentacles. Anemone fish include many species of clownfish

Often pink in colour, this anemone is characterised by the bubble looking tip of its antennae, and can grow to a diameter of 30cm

These anemone form a symbiotic relationship with a species of zooxanthellae algae and so energy is obtained by photosynthesis


Fun Facts...

Anemone fish do not live rent-free; they chase away polyp-eating fish trying to feed on the anemone, and the anemone also gets fertiliser from the fish faeces!



Location...

Widespread in the Indo-Pacific region.



Habitat...

Found on coral reefs and rocky outcrops. This anemone prefers places with plenty of sunlight for photosynthesis, and a medium water flow.



Diet...
Nutrients from filter-feeding and energy from photosynthesis

Not Evaluated

Anemone, Carpet (Stichodactyla)

Anemone, Carpet
Anemone, Carpet

There are six different species of carpet anemone which vary in size and colour, sometimes reaching more than 1m in diameter. They are named after their shape and size, making a blanket over the seabed and rocks below, creating a colourful carpet! The short, stubby tentacles are usually no more than 8mm long and are tapered.


Fun Facts...

When carpet anemones feel threatened, they can pull themselves under the sand!



Location...

Widespread in the Indo-Pacific Ocean.



Habitat...

Often found on the edges and base of coral reefs. These large anemones like to bury their feet into the sand.



Diet...
Fish, crustaceans and molluscs.

Not Evaluated

Anemone, Dahlia (Urticina felina)

Anemone, Dahlia
Anemone, Dahlia

Dahlias are large anemones (base up to 15cm diameter) with up to 160 stout tentacles. Individuals from offshore tend to be larger. The colouration is variable, ranging through white, yellow, orange, red, blue, grey, purple and brown. The tentacles are usually banded but may be plain.


Fun Facts...

Like many other anemones, this species uses "nematocysts" which are stinging cells on the end of their tentacles to paralyse large prey.



Location...

Found on all coasts of the British Isles and Northwest Europe.



Habitat...

Attaches very firmly to rocks and boulders, typically in crevices, sometimes forming dense carpets. This species thrives in areas with strong wave action. Also occurs in estuaries where hard substrata are present.



Diet...
Carnivorous: shrimp, crabs, mussels and small fish.

Not Evaluated

Anemone, Snakelock (Anemonia viridis)

Anemone, Snakelock
Anemone, Snakelock

The snakelock anemone is distinguished by its long green tentacles. The reason the tentacles are green is because it allows photosynthetic zooxathellae algae to grown within its tissues.

The tips of the tentacles can sometimes be purple and they are the longest of all sea anemones.

The anemone has over 200 tentacles, each lined with stinging cells called cnidocysts


Fun Facts...

The snakelock anemone has a symbiotic relationship with majid spider crab and also Bucchichi's goby of which they are both immune of the anemones sting. 



Location...

Found in the Mediterranean Sea from Portugal, north to west coasts of Great Britain and also along the African coast south to the Straits of Gibraltar.



Habitat...

Inhabits shallow water and usually attaches itself to rocks, kelp or eel-grass.



Diet...
Feeds on planktonic and benthic crustaceans and also molluscs.

Not Evaluated

Angel squeaker (Synodontis angelicus)

Angel squeaker
This species comes from the central and upper Congo River basins.
Fun Facts...

Location...

Habitat...

Diet...


Least Concern

Angelfish, Annularis (Pomacanthus annularis)

Angelfish, Annularis
Angelfish, Annularis

More commonly known as the blue ring angelfish or blue king angelfish, this stunning fish has brilliant blue stripes over a orange-yellow body and white/blue tail. Juveniles are black with blue and white vertical stipes. Like all angelfish, the annularis has a large spine just behind its gill cover. The spine provides protection from predators, but often also means these fish get easily entangled in fishing nets.

Although mainly algae grazers, these fish often nibble on corals and will also eat the occasional shrimp and small fish.

 

 


Fun Facts... These fish are considered protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning at the begining of life they are all females, as they develop, the larger fish become males. 

Location...

Found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

From East Africa, throughout Indonesia and New Guinea to New Caledonia, north to southern Japan.



Habitat...

Living on reefs with an abundance in coral, sponges and small crustaceans.



Diet...
Algae, with some coral, shrimps and small fish.

Not Evaluated

Angelfish, Emperor (Pomacanthus imperator)

Angelfish, Emperor
Angelfish, Emperor

Like most angelfish, the colour of this species depends on its ageJuveniles are dark blue with white stripes and circles. Adults have strong yellow horizontal stripes down the sides of their body. They reach a length of about 40cm.


Fun Facts... When mating, these angelfish form distinct pairs. Both young and adults may be found cleaning much larger fish, such as sunfish. 

Location...

Can be found in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea and East Africa, to Hawaii, southern Japan and down to the Great Barrier Reef.



Habitat...

Living mainly on protected shoreline reefs from 3-15m deep, often rich in hard and soft corals. This species of angelfish prefers sheltered spots and will seek out boulders, caves and coral crevices to retreat to when feeling threatened.



Diet...
Omnivore: Coral, crustaceans, small fish, algae.

Least Concern

Anthias, Lyre tail (Pseudanthias squamipinnis)

Anthias, Lyre tail
Anthias, Lyre tail

Lyre-tail anthias are also know as Indian Ocean wreck fish and sea goldies. They are sexually dimorphic as males vary in colour from bright red, pink or orange with lighter coloured bands of white or yellow across a third of the body. Females are yellow, with a pink or purple stripe running from the eye towards the pelvic fins. They grow to a length of about 15cm.


Fun Facts...

These fish live in harems of one male and about eight females. When the male dies, the larger, more dominant female will change sex into a male and take over the territory. 



Location...

Found in the Indo-West Pacific from the Red Sea to South Africa, then east to Australia and north to Japan.



Habitat...

Inhabits coral outcrops or patch reefs of clear lagoons, channels or outer reef slopes. 



Diet...
Feeds on zooplankton

Not Evaluated

Archerfish (Toxotes jaculatrix)

Archerfish
Archerfish

The archerfish is aound 25cm in length and is usually silver in colour, with black vertical blotchy stripes or has a yellow hue with black stripes. It is called an archerfish because of how it hunts its prey. It dwells near the surface and when an airborn insect passes near the water, the archerfish will shoot a spout of water from its mouth, bringing down its prey. 


Fun Facts...

These fish have been known to jump out of the water to catch their prey mid-air.



Location...

Found in areas of the Indo-Pacific from the coasts of India, New Guinea, Australia and the Philipines to Southeast Asia.



Habitat...

Inhabits both saltwater and freshwater but is found in mangrove swamps exclusively. Can also be found in river mouths, lakes and ponds.



Diet...
Feeds on terrestrial insects as well as worms, shrimp and small inverterbrates.

Least Concern

Arowana, Asian (Scleropages formosus)

Arowana, Asian
Also known as golden dragon fish, this speices is not only beautiful, but is classified as endangered by the IUCN.
Fun Facts...

Location...

Habitat...

Diet...


Endangered
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SPOOKY SPECTACULAR AT SEAQUARIUM!

SeaQuarium Weston is inviting guests to be part of it’s Spooky Spectacular event once again this half term, and this time it promises... [MORE]

FREE Activity Booklet!

During your visit to the SeaQuarium, don’t forget to take part in our free children’s activity booklet.
Pick up a booklet, find the answers to the questions around SeaQuarium and play some fun games along the way! Children will even receive a sticker at the end of their visit when shown to a member of staff!

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